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A

AADB

The American Association of the Deaf-Blind 



ACB

 American Council of the Blind


Access to Services, Programs, and eNetworks

Access to Services, Programs, and eNetworks (ASPeN)

This product provides a variety of services for Montana's library community. 

Members of the public can search ASPeN to find a nearby library or learn more about their local library. 

ASPeN users will be able to update their library's information, enroll in certain services, keep track of their continuing education, and complete reports required by the Montana State Library.



ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

National legislation giving civil rights protection to individuals with disabilities.

In addition to issues around physical access to buildings and services, there are specific policies and requirements for access to information.

  • ADA Standards Compliance- Information on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards that were published by the Department of Justice in 2010
  • Section 508 -  an amendment to the United States Workforce Rehabilitation Act of 1973, a federal law mandating that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government be accessible to people with disabilities
  • WCAG 2.0 Standards - web accessibility standards


Administrative Rules of Montana

Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM)

These are the official procedural rules that support the implementation of Montana laws.

The Montana Secretary of State’s Administrative Rules Services publishes the administrative rules promulgated by state agencies. Administrative rules are developed under a process outlined in the Montana Administrative Procedure Act. That process requires state agencies to provide notice to the public when they wish to adopt, amend or repeal administrative rules. The notices are compiled in the Montana Administrative Register (MAR). Once adopted, administrative rules are published in the Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) and have the force of law. (Montana Secretary of State ARM website)

The State Library Commission has rulemaking authority for the agency.


AFB

American Foundation for the Blind


AG

Attorney General of the State of Montana

The Attorney General’s Office and the Legal Services Division function as the lawyers for the State of Montana. The attorneys in the Office have expertise in a wide range of legal topics and handle a broad range of legal cases involving the State of Montana and its people.


ALA

American Library Association


The American Library Association (ALA) is the oldest and largest library association in the world.

Founded on October 6, 1876 during the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, the mission of ALA is “to provide leadership for the development, promotion and improvement of library and information services and the profession of librarianship in order to enhance learning and ensure access to information for all.”



Americans with Disabilities Act

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

National legislation giving civil rights protection to individuals with disabilities.

In addition to issues around physical access to buildings and services, there are specific policies and requirements for access to information.

  • ADA Standards Compliance- Information on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards that were published by the Department of Justice in 2010
  • Section 508 -  an amendment to the United States Workforce Rehabilitation Act of 1973, a federal law mandating that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government be accessible to people with disabilities
  • WCAG 2.0 Standards - web accessibility standards


ARM

Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM)

These are the official procedural rules that support the implementation of Montana laws.

The Montana Secretary of State’s Administrative Rules Services publishes the administrative rules promulgated by state agencies. Administrative rules are developed under a process outlined in the Montana Administrative Procedure Act. That process requires state agencies to provide notice to the public when they wish to adopt, amend or repeal administrative rules. The notices are compiled in the Montana Administrative Register (MAR). Once adopted, administrative rules are published in the Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) and have the force of law. (Montana Secretary of State ARM website)

The State Library Commission has rulemaking authority for the agency.

ASPeN

Access to Services, Programs, and eNetworks

This product provides a variety of services for Montana's library community. Members of the public can search ASPeN to find a nearby library or learn more about their local library. ASPeN users will be able to update their library's information, enroll in certain services, keep track of their continuing education, and complete paperwork required by the Montana State Library.



B

BARD

Braille and Audio Reading Download

Talking Book Library's Braille and Audio Reading Download Service

A free online braille and audio book, magazine, and other material download service for TBL patrons


BMSC

Base Map Service Center

Formerly the Department of Administration's geographic and mapping services center, this group was administratively moved to the Montana State Library via Interagency agreement in September 2011. Along with NRIS it makes up the MSL Geographic Information component of the Library.


C

CE

Continuing Education

Opportunities provided for personnel to improve and grow in their professions.

Learn more about MSL's Continuing Education program.


CSC

Core Service Committee

The Network Advisory Council has core services committees that are tasked with evaluation of programs and services and making recommendations about future services.



CST

Coal Severance Tax

See MCA 15-35-108 Disposal of severance taxes 

(3) The amount of 0.90% in fiscal year 2020 and 0.93% in fiscal year 2021 and in each fiscal year thereafter must be allocated for provision of basic library services for the residents of all counties through library federations and for payment of the costs of participating in regional and national networking and must be deposited in the basic library services account established in 22-1-202.


E

E-Rate

Federal program providing discounts to eligible schools and libraries for access to telecommunications and information services, including basic local and long-distance phone services, Internet access services, and acquisition and installation of network equipment. The Universal Service Administrative Company's Schools and Libraries Division administers the E-Rate program for libraries.


EPP

Executive planning process

Process used by the Governor's budget office in preparation of the biennium budgets.


ESRI

Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.
The world wide leader for GIS software; the state maintains an enterprise license agreement for software purchases with this company (though, like OCLC, the company name is now just ESRI).


F

Federations

Federations receive funding through the Coal Severance Tax monies that the state receives. This money is divided amongst federations using a formula that is based upon population and evenly dividing the funding. ARM 10.102.5102 gives the specific formula.

Federations are guided by a federation coordinator who is responsible for leading the federation and acting as a liaison between the Montana State Library and the federation.

Montana is divided up into six regions. Libraries within those regions have formed a federation. It's a formal and informal way to network and improve library services in Montana. The six federations are:

  • Broad Valleys
  • Golden Plains
  • Pathfinder
  • Sagebrush
  • South Central
  • Tamarack



FTE

Full-time Equivalent

A measure of employee workload based on a forty-hour work week. 1 FTE represents a full-time position.


FY

Fiscal Year

State Fiscal year runs from July 1 to June 30 of the following calendar year.

Federal Fiscal year typically runs from October 1 to September 30 of the following calendar year.


G

GF

General Funds

Specifically, state funding appropriated by the Montana Legislature.


GIS

Geographic Information Systems

Montana State Library GIS Coordination

Montana citizens and GIS practitioners in Montana have a decades-long investment in a strong foundation of GIS knowledge, partnerships, spatial data infrastructure, and data sharing tools. This investment in GIS empowers local, state, and federal government staff as well as business, industry, education, and research personnel seeking to understand Montana’s economy, demography, landscape, and much more.

Montana State Library staff support State GIS Coordination in Montana to ensure that this investment not only endures but is further expanded, strengthened, and utilized.



H

HB

House Bill

Usually associated with a number and refers to a bill introduced in the Montana House of Representatives.

Look up drafts, bills, and other information on the Montana Legislature webpage.


I

ILL

Interlibrary Loan

  • WorldShare Interlibrary Loan – OCLC WorldShare® Interlibrary Loan is a new service that replaces WorldCat Resource Sharing, as part of libraries’ existing subscriptions. The service centralizes workflows and provides functionality that speeds fulfillment of interlibrary loan requests to save time for library staff and library users.


ILS

Integrated Library SystemThe computer based automation that libraries use for circulation and cataloging of library materials and the management of patron accounts.


IMLS

Institute of Museum and Library Services

Independent federal agency that provides programs of support for both libraries and museums and encourages library-museum partnerships. The agency administers the Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant program to states.


L

LC

Legislative Council

Refers to an unintroduced bill draft requested by a legislator.

Look up drafts, bills, and other information on the Montana Legislature webpage.



LD

Library Development


LIDAR

Light Detection and Ranging


LIS

Library Information Services

Program of the Montana State Library that administers the state depository library program, provides reference service, interlibrary loan service, and bibliographic control and access to MSL collections including state publications, natural resource information about Montana, and professional library development material.


LL

Lifelong Learning


LSTA

Library Services Technology Act

Administered under the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) with the primary focus on improving library services through technology, encouraging sharing of resources and targeting library and information services to underserved populations. LSTA grants are awarded annually to all state libraries for use in statewide and local projects. In Montana, the Montana State Library Commission establishes priorities for LSTA funds.


M

MAGIP


MBARS

Montana Budget Analysis and Reporting System


MCA

Montana Code Annotated


MLA

Montana Library Association

State association with a membership composed of librarians from all types of libraries, trustees, friends and students. MLA's concerns are the welfare and professional development of its members, the advocacy of library needs and the assurance of open access to information for all Montana's citizens.


MLC

Montana Library Commission

The acronym often used by the Legislature and Governor's Budget Office for MSLC or Montana State Library Commission


MLIAC

Montana Land Information Advisory Council

The Montana Land Information Advisory Council (MLIAC), as required by statute, advises the State Librarian and the State Library Commission on issues related land information, on the priority of land information, including data layers to be developed, on the development and management of the Montana Land Information Act grant process and on the distribution of funds collected in the Montana Land Information Account.   

The Council assists the State Library to identify, evaluate, and prioritize requests received from state agencies, local governments, and Indian tribal government entities to provide development and maintenance of services relating to the GIS and land information. 

The Council promotes coordination of programs, policies, technologies, and resources to maximize opportunities, to minimize duplication of effort, and to facilitate the documentation, distribution, and exchange of land information.  Finally, the Council advocates for the development of consistent policies, standards, and guidelines for land information.



MLIS

Master of Library and Information Science


MLN

Montana Library Network


MLS

Master of Library Science


MMP

Montana Memory Project

The  Montana Memory Project (MMP) is an online source for digital collections relating to Montana's cultural heritage. In part, these collections document the Montana experience. Access is free and open through the Internet. Many of these items are digitized copies of historic material, some items are contemporary. All serve as a resource for education, business, pleasure, and lifelong learning.

Many Montana libraries, museums, archives, and cultural institutions add materials to this collection.  Contents may include maps, copies of photographs, rare books, historic documents, diaries, oral histories, audio and video clips, paintings, illustrations and art.


Montana Land Information Advisory Council

Montana Land Information Advisory Council (MLIAC)

The Montana Land Information Advisory Council (MLIAC), as required by statute, advises the State Librarian and the State Library Commission on issues related land information, on the priority of land information, including data layers to be developed, on the development and management of the Montana Land Information Act grant process and on the distribution of funds collected in the Montana Land Information Account.   

The Council assists the State Library to identify, evaluate, and prioritize requests received from state agencies, local governments, and Indian tribal government entities to provide development and maintenance of services relating to the GIS and land information. 

The Council promotes coordination of programs, policies, technologies, and resources to maximize opportunities, to minimize duplication of effort, and to facilitate the documentation, distribution, and exchange of land information.  Finally, the Council advocates for the development of consistent policies, standards, and guidelines for land information.



Montana Memory Project

Montana Memory Project (MMP)

The  Montana Memory Project (MMP) is an online source for digital collections relating to Montana's cultural heritage. In part, these collections document the Montana experience. Access is free and open through the Internet. Many of these items are digitized copies of historic material, some items are contemporary. All serve as a resource for education, business, pleasure, and lifelong learning.

Many Montana libraries, museums, archives, and cultural institutions add materials to this collection.  Contents may include maps, copies of photographs, rare books, historic documents, diaries, oral histories, audio and video clips, paintings, illustrations and art.


MSC

Montana Shared Catalog


MSDI

Montana Spatial Data Infrastructure


MSDL

 Montana State Digital LibraryThe "traditional" division of the library, MSDL staff manage collections, respond to reference requests, and provide access to a large variety of information with an emphasis on online access . LIS, NRIS and NHP are programs of MSDL.


MSL

Acronym and abbreviation used for Montana State Library.



MSLC

MSLC - Montana State Library Commission
The Governing body for Montana State Library. The governor appoints five members and two members are designees from the Office of Public Instruction and the Commissioner of Higher Education. Refer MCA 22-1-101.
Also referred to as MLC.


MTNHP

Montana Natural Heritage Program

Also referred to as NHP.

The Montana Natural Heritage Program is the state's source for reliable, objective information and expertise to support stewardship of our native species and habitats, emphasizing those of conservation concern.

The Montana Natural Heritage is a program of the Montana State Library's Natural Resource Information System.



MTSRN

Montana State Reference Network


N

NAC

Network Advisory Council

The Network Advisory Council (NAC) represents the interests of all types of Montana libraries and maintains the perspective of statewide geographical balance as it explores ways to help libraries; assesses community needs; identifies innovation opportunities; reviews and evaluates the feasibility, design, and outcomes of statewide library projects; assists with statewide planning, and advises the State Librarian and the State Library Commission.


Network Advisory Council

Network Advisory Council (NAC)

The Network Advisory Council represents the interests of all types of Montana libraries and maintains the perspective of statewide geographical balance as it explores ways to help libraries; assesses community needs; identifies innovation opportunities; reviews and evaluates the feasibility, design, and outcomes of statewide library projects; assists with statewide planning, and advises the State Librarian and the State Library Commission.



NG9-1-1

Next Generation 9-1-1


NHP

Montana Natural Heritage Program

Also referred to as MTNHP.



NLS

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Division of the Library of Congress, NLS offers free recorded and Braille-embossed books and magazines to individuals with visual and other physical conditions limiting use of regular printed materials. 


NRIS

Natural Resources Information Systems

Program of Montana State Library, NRIS was established in 1985 to identify and acquire Montana's natural resource information and to provide a clearinghouse for this information.


NSGIC

National States Geographic Information Council


O

OCLC

Online Computer Library Center

Nonprofit library service and research organization located in Dublin, Ohio, used by libraries to catalog library materials, manage interlibrary loans and maintain location information on library materials. In Montana, many libraries of all types use the OCLC bibliographic database for cataloging, interlibrary loan and reference.


OPAC

Online Public Access Catalog

Automated catalog providing patron access through computers. See also PAC.


OTO

One Time Only 

A phrase used when the legislature or Governor's budget office agrees to fund a program or service for one year or one biennium only. A new request would have to be filed to get funding beyond the one year.


P

PLSS

Public Land Survey System


R

RFP

Request for Proposal is a term used in soliciting official bids for goods and services.


RTN

Real Time Network


S

SABHRS

State Accounting, Budget, and Human Resource System


SB

Senate Bill

Usually associated with a number and refers to a bill introduced in the Montana Senate.

Look up drafts, bills, and other information on the Montana Legislature webpage.



SO

Species Occurrence

A mapped representation of a known occurrence of a Species of Concern that typically includes an associated circular area of locational uncertainty concerning its exact location. Animal Species Occurrences usually include areas around the observation that represent a typical home range size for the species; suitable habitats within this area are likely occupied by the species.


SOC

Species of Concern
A special designation used by NHP to denote plants and animals that are at risk or potentially at risk.


T

TBL

Talking Book Library

Service that provides free equipment and materials to Montana citizens who are visually or physically impaired. MTBL is funded by Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) and state general funds. TBL materials are provided by the Library of Congress or are recorded by TBL volunteer readers.

MSL contracts with the State Library of Utah to provide this service.


W

WIS

Water Information SystemA program of NRIS that serves as a clearinghouse for water information in Montana.



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